a mohair story
Angora goats produce a very beautiful, luxurious and incredibly durable fibre called mohair. It is one of the warmest natural fibres known and one of the most versatile. Angora goats took their name from Ankara, an ancient Turkish city where they originated. Although the goats were farmed for their fibre from early times it was not until the 16th century that export of the goats was permitted. The first exports were to France and Spain. They later spread to many countries, reaching the Americas in 1849 and Australia in early 1900s.
It is a wool-like textile fibre and has a smooth cuticular scale pattern on the surface that imparts lustre and has low felting capacity. This scale is different to the wool fibre scale and consequently is not ‘itchy’. The mohair is generally shorn from the animals twice a year. The wide range of uses of mohair fibre is a result of the range of diameter of the fibre produced. Mohair from young goats (kid mohair) is used in knitwear, from intermediate age it is used in suiting materials, and the stronger ‘fine hair’ types are used in coating and rug manufacture.